Malacachtepec Momoxco, today Milpa Alta. Cultural Heritage
Milpa Alta’s cultural heritage is vast, complex, and inevitably interrelated to the character of its landscape. Milpa Alta’s culture is best understood as mountain based, its population spread out into 12 towns, scattered south east of Mexico City, 2400m above see a level, at the foot of the Chichinautzin mountain range and at the adage of the Anahuac basin.
The inhabitants of the region since antique Mexico, through work and, millenary knowledge of the land transformed the mountainous landscape into a highly productive agricultural system, known locally as Terraza. Creating in this way one of the most impressive characteristics of its cultural landscape, located in the lower zone of Chichinauhtzin sierra of Milpa Alta.
The precise purpose of this construction is uncertain, according to some specialists, we know the terrazas complex to have been in use during the Mexica age, and to have continued in use right up to scarcely one or two decades ago. Its origin however may well be found in the Tolteca culture, even though there are evidences that sugest to have been even older, perhaps to the Teotihuacan culture or the Cuicuilca period. Amongst the terraces cultivar area exists a number of constructions of uncertain use: Tecorbitos o tecorobitos, (Stone constructions in the manner of small houses igloo type), as well as stone carvings, associated ceramic and obsidian tools of different provenance and sacred places many still in use today.
However, due to the unrestrained, unplanned, population growth of Mexico City today, the emblematic agricultural terraza system is on the edge of total destruction. Undoubtedly, the use of the platforms or terraza system for habitation purposes, not only increases untenable contamination levels in the area, but threatens to damage irreversibly this most important natural wealth with mayor health and environmental consequences for the future of the local community and, Mexico City population at large. What is a reasonable size in area and population a city most reach before it is considered an environmental disaster? Who is responsible for such a decision? According to some specialist, there are 50 years left of water for Mexico city at the most!
Patrimonio Cultural (de Atocpan)
Atocpanecayotl: Lo pertinente a Atocpan
Atoctli,"Tierra fertil" = Atoc
Ohtli, "Camino" = yo
Tecatl,"Persona"; aqui se tranforma
en el gentilicio y adquiere el valor fonetico "neca" = neca